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The Implementation of REDD+: Self-Governance Through the Lens of Reflexive Law

Ngaya Munuo, Jan Glazewski


REDD+ calls for developing countries to take part in a second commitment period for a post-2020 climate change regime under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and outside the UNFCCC. The goal of REDD+ is that host countries will receive inter alia, financial compensation if they choose to conserve their forests rather than convert them to non-forest land use. Such compensation is for significant emission reductions which are reasonably attributable to human activities. This implies that REDD+ implementation at a domestic level will require allocation of burdens and benefits. In light of this implication, many scholars suggest that the design of the policy and legal framework to this effect must strike a balance between equity, environmental effectiveness and cost-effectiveness (commonly referred to as the 3Es) to be deemed successful. Against this background, the paper examines the role of reflexive law in the implementation of REDD+ as a self-governance system.

Ngaya Munuo is postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science, University of Cape Town. For Correspondence: <>. Jan Glazewski is a professor of law at the University of Cape Town. For Correspondence: <>.


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