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Compliance in Transition: Facilitative Compliance Finding its Place in the Paris Climate Regime


Meinhard Doelle


This contribution assesses the state of play in the compliance negotiations under Article 15 of the Paris Agreement. The assessment is carried out based on the negotiating text as it stood at the conclusion of the negotiations in Bonn in May, 2018. The article concludes that there is still every opportunity to design an effective compliance system that is well integrated into the overall Paris Climate Regime, but that without clarity on other key elements, such as transparency and the global stocktake, it will be difficult to ensure that the compliance system plays a constructive role in the overall effort to facilitate the implementation and promote compliance with individual and collective commitments and obligations under the Paris Agreement.

Meinhard Doelle, Professor of Law, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, and Associate, Marine & Environmental Law Institute. For correspondence: <mailto:Meinhard.Doelle@Dal.Ca>. The background research for this article was funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The research assistance of JD candidate Grace O’Brian is gratefully acknowledged, as are the very helpful comments of Dr Lisa Benjamin on an earlier draft of the article. Any remaining errors are, of course, mine.


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