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Enabling Legal Frameworks for Carbon Neutrality in the AFOLU Sector in Brazil

Marina Venâncio, Paula Galbiatti Silveira, Karine Duarte


From a legal standpoint, it is essential to discuss how existing legal instruments can (or cannot) help achieve a possible carbon neutrality goal in a scenario of climate and environmental protection regulations rollback in Brazil. Within this context, this article will focus on the ‘Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses’ sector (AFOLU), as it is the country’s highest emitting sector and, therefore, the one with the greatest mitigation potential. It will discuss whether relevant environmental laws and policies in place are consistent with an indicative long-term objective of achieving carbon neutrality by 2060, highlighting lessons learned and challenges. Of descriptive nature, this article aims to provide an overview of selected relevant Brazilian policies related to emissions reductions in the AFOLU sector, as illustrated by Figure 1, with emphasis on the Brazilian National Policy on Climate Change and its sectoral plans.

Marina Venâncio, Ph.D. candidate at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Brazil). Junior Deputy Chair of the IUCN WCEL CCSG. Paula Galbiatti Silveira, Ph.D. in Law from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Brazil) in cotutelle with Universität Bremen (Germany). Karine Duarte, Legal consultant at Enhesa. Lecturer at Fundação Escola Superior do Ministério Público do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Member of LACLIMA. This paper is a collaboration between the Working Group on Agriculture of the Latin American Climate Lawyers Initiative for Mobilizing Action (LACLIMA), and the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law Climate Change Specialist Group (IUCN WCEL CCSG). The authors acknowledge the inputs, guidance and review from the colleagues from both organizations, especially from Fabiano de Andrade Correa.


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